Autologous Stem Cell Treatments
Your Adult stem cells can be extracted from many areas of your body, including the bone marrow, fat tissue and peripheral blood.
Once the cells have been harvested, they are sent to the lab where they are purified and assessed for quality before being reintroduced back in to the patient.
Since the stem cells come from the patient there is no possibility of rejection.
Stem Cell Institute advocates the use of autologous (your own) stem cells as they have no ethical or moral issues and pose no risk of rejection.
Stem cells isolated from the bone marrow or fat tissue have the ability to become different cell types (i.e. nerve cells, liver cells, heart cells, muscle, and cartilage cells (as well as others).
Studies have also shown that these cells are capable of homing in to and repairing damaged tissue.
Allogeneic Stem Cells
When your own Stem Cells are not sufficient Stem Cells can be used from other donors, these are called Allogeneic Stem Cells, typically umbilical cord cells and placenta cells. Young cord blood cells can be used from The Placenta, Umbilical Cord, and other young sources. These young cells are more likely than stem cells found in bone marrow or adipose tissue (fat) to have proliferative properties. This means that stem cells found in cord blood have a greater ability to regenerate.
Study comparing Cord Blood cells vs, Bone Marrow cells. “hbmMSC [human bone marrow cells] proliferating more slowly than hpMSC [human placenta or cord blood] in every experiment”
“hpMSC [human placenta] had greater long-term growth ability than [bone marrow] hbmMSC”
Depending on budget, condition, age and other factors the best solution can be determined. Sometimes young cells are placed directly into an organ, other times a simple IV with cells harvested from your own bone marrow will do just fine.
Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Mesenchymal Stem Cells come from Umbilical Cord Tissue, or Placenta Tissue.
Mesenchymal stem cells from the umbilical cord tissue are known to help reduce inflammation, modulate the immune system and secrete factors that help the central nervous system to regenerate.
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotent stem cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types. Cell types that MSCs have been shown to differentiate into include osteoblasts (bone cells), chondrocytes (cartilage cells) and adipocytes (fat cells).
The capacity of cells to proliferate and differentiate is known to decrease with the age of the donor, as well as the time in culture.
Young cord blood cells can be used from The Placenta, Umbilical Cord, and other young sources. These young cells are more likely than stem cells found in bone marrow or adipose tissue (fat) to have proliferative properties. This means that stem cells found in cord blood have a greater ability to regenerate.